Coconut Coir

Coconut Coir is the husk (mesocarp) of the coconut fruit that is processed and composted to produce a fine particle growing substrate. The husk contains 75% fibers and 25% pith on average and the fibers are separated from the pith to produce the final "coir pith" product.


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Hydrolite™

Hydrolite™ is the product name for Botanicare's exclusive silica based mineral rock also known as zeolite. Hydrolite is a natural mineral that is mined in the US and selected for its ideal properties and high level of silica (>70%).


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Hydroton

Hydroton is the trade name for "lightweight expanded clay aggregate" or LECA. Simply put, small clay balls are heated in a rotary kiln to about 1200° C of expanding and form a hard clay particle about the size of a marble.


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Peat Moss

Peat moss if formed by the slow decomposition of mosses, like sphagnum, or sedges in a wet, acidic environment such as aquatic bogs. Peat is mainly produced in Europe or Canada, although production in China is starting to develop. Peat is the main component in many potting mixes that are readily available and widespread.


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Perlite

Perlite is made from volcanic rock that has been heated to about 700° C until the material expands, similar to the production of LECA mentioned. During the heating process, perlite becomes very porous making it a good material to "lighten up" or increase aeration of potting mixes.


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Pumice

Pumice, like perlite, is a product of volcanic activity and mined from quarries, ground and sieved for aggregate size. It is commonly found in areas with high volcanic activity is used similar to perlite to lighten potting mixes.


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Rice Hulls

Rice hulls are the by-product of rice cultivation of food for humans and animals. Rice hulls are used in three forms for plant cultivation: aged, composted, fresh and parboiled. Aged rice hulls are allowed to passively decompose until ...


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Rockwool

Rockwool is an artificial media made from quartz sand that has been heated above 1200° C and spun into fibers then formed into slabs, cubes, and blocks. Most production of rockwool comes from European countries and is a major substrate for the greenhouse industry, but use of rockwool is declining due to cost and lack of options for disposal of used rockwool.


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